1, strong acid poisoning treatment
Strong acid poisoning generally taboo induce vomiting and gastric lavage, so as not to aggravate the injury of the esophagus and the stomach, causing gastric perforation. Claim selection services to 2.5% magnesium hydroxide solution or milk of magnesia (75% magnesium hydroxide suspension) is, limewater supernatant (containing 0.17 calcium hydroxide), very dilute soapy water, aluminum hydroxide gel, raw egg white , milk. Hanged sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate (lead to gastric perforation) can produce a lot of gas. And then to the server vegetable oil, etc. in order to protect the gastrointestinal mucosa. The use of antibiotics to prevent wound infection. Intravenous fluids to correct dehydration, acidosis plus 1/6mol sodium lactate solution. Slow intravenous injection of 10% calcium gluconate; tetany occurs because of the oxalic acid poisoning, methemoglobinemia due to nitrate poisoning, the the application right amount of methylene blue. The obvious pain analgesics such as morphine or meperidine available. Necessary to do a tracheotomy surgery and gastrostomy. Esophagus burns, to swallow silk one, a fixed external nasal, another head swallowed the stomach to reduce adhesions. In order to prevent digestive scarring and stricture wrongly strong acid 2-3 discretion with adrenal corticosteroids and consider the purposes of esophageal dilatation early after.
Inhalation poisoning with 2% to 5% sodium bicarbonate solution aerosol inhalation. Skin lesions can be used to flush with water or washed with 4% sodium bicarbonate solution, then saline Xian net and press burn treatment.
2, alkali poisoning treatment
Oral strong alkali poisoning sick children, not induce vomiting and gastric lavage catheters, and immediately taken orally weak acid solution such as vinegar, 1% to 3% acetic acid, 1% dilute hydrochloric acid, orange juice or lemon juice (carbonate poisoning water dilution, hanged acids, so as not to cause the inflatable cause gastrointestinal perforation); Following olive oil or other vegetable oil, raw egg white, water or milk. Appropriate transfusion to correct dehydration, alkalosis and shock. Tetany slow intravenous injection of 10% calcium gluconate solution. Oral mucosal lesions available at plenty of water, and to dilute alkaline substances as soon as possible. Skin burns rinse with water, Ⅱ, Ⅲ degree burns, with 2% acetic acid wash wet dressing. When the eye is splashed, and rapid application of the (non-acidic liquid to neutralize the alkaline agent), and press the eye burns processing flush with water. Symptomatic treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal narrow processing.
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